When Lord Gautam Buddha passed away Kushinagar some 2500 years ago, the Buddha had told his grief stricken disciples about the birth of Lord Padmasambhava who would be more powerful and would establish the esoteric or Vajra Yana doctrine in this world.The growth of Buddhism and its journey across the Himalayas started when Tibetan King Thi-song Deu-can invited Lord Padmasambhava to spread the teaching of Buddhism in Tibet and to remove all the darkness of superstitions which had engulfed the Himalayan Kingdom. The Guru along with Pandit Acharya Shanta Rakshita started the Dharma in Tibet.

While Guru Padmasambhava was spreading the message of Dharma in Tibet, he visited Sikkim during the 8th Century AD and named the land as “BaYul Demojong” which means the hidden valley of treasures. Guru made his first visit to present Guru Dongmar Lake in North Sikkim to test an omen in the Lake. After finding a favourable sign in the lake, he miraculously landed on Tashidhing hill in west Sikkim, along with his 25 disciples and thereby sanctified entire landscape while marking this hill as a navel point of the sacred land- ‘De-jong’. Thereafter, the Guru explored the entire parts of De-jong blessing and sanctifying caves, rock, lakes, streams and left his foot prints on the rocks. The four sacred caves consecrated by the Guru in Sikkim are “Laringvigpho” (old caves of God’s will), “Kahdosangphu” (Cave of the fairies), “Phephu” (Secret Cave), “Dechhenphu” (Cave of Happiness). These caves are revered as special and people still made religious pilgrimages to these caves

The Guru consecrated this land and concealed a great deal of major and minor treasures including major scriptures. The treasures are to preserved for the posterity of the future when Dharma will reach the edge of destruction due to calamities from the stir of five impurities. The great guru converted the demons of Sikkim, dakini of space, goddess of medicine, gods of lands and water and arrogant spirits and bound under solemn oath. The demons were appointed as guardian deities of hidden treasures and protector of Holy Dharma. The converted sprits was not only instructed to grace the land with good harvest and timely rain but also to prevent all sort of natural calamities. Guru had warned that the worship of these local deities would prevent wars and natural calamities in the land known as “BaYul Demojong” and all the people were instructed to observe the rituals and faith in sincerity. As long as the deities are worship and revered the land of Sikkim will be bountiful and Dharma and prosperity will flourish in the state.


Later in the year 1372 AD a treasure revealer lam called Rigdzin Goedem visited Sikkim and revelead the hidden treasures of the Guru and also wrote about the located of the Sacred places to used by the lamas of the later eras. In1642 A.D, three Noble Lamas entered the land from Tibet, The great masters were Gyalwa Lhatusun Chenpo, Ngadag Sempa Rigzin Phuntshog and Kathog Kuntu Zangpo and they entered Sikkim from north, south and western directions respectively and assembled at a placed known as NORBU GANG which is located in West Sikkim. In accordance with Guru Padmasambhava prophesy the three master sent a search party towards the Eastern direction to find the fourth person destined to be the Chogyal or the Dharma Raja of Sikkim. The search party finally located the person in present day Gangtok and found the man called Phuntshog which was mentioned in the prophecy text. Phuntsog was accordingly consecrated as the first Chogyal of Sikkim by the tree noble saints in Yuksam in 1642AD in the Water-Horse year. The four masters are known in the history of Sikkim as “rNal-hByor-mChed-BZhi” or “Four Yogi brothers”. The stone thrones of the four noble brothers still stands at Norbu gang in Yuksam bearing testimony to this significant event in the history of Sikkim. A stupa was also built at Norbugang in the same year from rocks and soils from all parts of Sikkim to commemorate this important event and called it “TASHI-HODBAR CHHOEDTEN” and is believed to be the first Buddhist stupa ever built in Sikkim. With the blessing of those three pioneer lamas Six premiers monasteries were founded i.e. Pemayangtse (West),Tashiding(West), Phensang (North), Ralong (South), Rumtek (East) and Phodang (North). In course of time, many other sub monasteries and religious monuments were built by the lamas and Devotees. Today images/idols of Guru Padmasambhava are found enshrined in each and every monastery in Sikkim as main worshipping objects by the lamas. Especially on tenth day of every Tibetan month Guru Tsechu puja is performed to mark his birth anniversary as well as to pray for peace & prosperity of this land.